:B:1 The Angel of Yahweh went up from Gilgal to Bochim where the Israelites were gathered, and he said to them, I made you go up from Egypt and brought you to the land I had promised your ancestors. I said to them, Never will I break my covenant with you, 2 but you shall not make any covenant with the Ca naanites and shall destroy their altars. But you have not obeyed my command. Why did you not obey me? 3 Now, I will not drive out these nations before you. They shall be your op pressors and their gods shall be a trap for you.
4 After the Angel of Yahweh had spoken, all the Israelites began to weep and cry. 5 For this reason, they named that place Bochim, which means those who weep, and they offered sacrifices to Yah weh.
6 When Joshua dismissed the Israe lites, each one of them went to his inheritance to occupy the land. 7 The people served Yahweh during the lifetime of Jo shua and of the leaders who outlived him, and who had witnessed all the great works of Yahweh for Israel. 8 Joshua, son of Nun, the servant of Moses, died at the age of one hundred and ten years. 9 They buried him at the boundary of his inheritance in Timnath-heres, in the mountains of Ephraim, north of the mountain of Ga ash. 10 That whole generation died and another one came, but they did not know Yahweh or what he had done for Israel.
Summary of the book: unfaithfulness and punishment
:B:11 The Israelites treated Yahweh badly for they served the Baals in stead. 12 They abandoned Yahweh, the God of their ancestors who had brought them out of Egypt, and served other gods, the gods of the neigh boring peo ples. They bowed before those gods and offended Yah weh.
13 When Yahweh saw that they had abandoned him to serve Baal and Ash taroth, 14 he became angry with his peo ple and gave them into the hands of plun derers who left them in misery. He himself sold them to their enemies who completely surrounded the Israelites, so that these Israelites could no longer withstand them. 15 When ever they felt strong for an offensive, Yahweh would turn against them and send evil upon them, as he had warned them and sworn to do. And this caused much distress and anguish for the Israelites.
16 Yahweh raised up judges (or liberators) who saved the Israelites from their exploiters. 17 But neither did they obey those judges for they still prostituted themselves to other gods and worshiped them. They soon left the way of their fathers who obeyed the commandments of Yah weh
18 When Yahweh made a judge ap pear among his people, Yahweh was with him and saved them from their enemies. That lasted as long as the judge lived, for Yahweh was moved to pity by the lament of his people who were oppressed and persecuted. 19 But when the judge died, they again became worse than their ancestorsworshiping and serving other gods. They would not re nounce their pagan practices and stubborn ways.
20 Yahweh was angry and he said, These people broke the Covenant I made with their ancestors and they re fuse to obey me. 21 Well now, neither shall I drive out before them any of the nations left when Joshua died. 22 And I shall test the Israelites through those nations
23 So Yahweh left those nations in their place and did not take the land immediately from them. This was also why he did not give them into the hands of Joshua.